To understand how this method was developed, we need to take a short trip back in time. We have all heard of Pavlov’s work. Or at least the name rings a bell for most of us. Towards the end of the 19th century, this Russian physiologist observed that it was possible to condition certain reflexes. In this case, it was the salivation of his dogs when they were in contact with the people who fed them. Or when they were in the place where they usually received their food.
“Without having founded CBT, Pavlov, followed by other behaviourist psychologists such as Skinner and Wolpe, identified an important concept, namely that behaviour is conditioned by the environment,” says Carolyn Jost. “It was from the 1970s onwards that CBT started to really take shape with the integration of additional axes such as cognition and emotions. As mentioned above: context is not the only factor that conditions an individual’s behaviour. It is also, and above all, about the way in which I understand and feel what is happening.”